"The radiocarbon dating has delivered an exciting result, which contributes significantly to our understanding of the earliest written copies of the Quran," Susan Worrall, director of special collections at the University of Birmingham, said in a statement. The parchment likely came from the skin of a calf, goat or sheep, the researchers said. 632, and according to Muslim tradition, he received the revelations that make up the Quran between A. "This means that the parts of the Quran that are written on the parchment can, with a degree of confidence, be dated to less than two decades after Muhammad's death," Thomas and Dinshaw said.Muslim tradition holds that Muhammad lived between lived 570 and 632, and that the Koran was collated and finalized around 650.In other words, if the text was written anytime from 610-645—a full 35 years that fall within the range of the carbon testing—it poses no problems for Islam, for Muslims believe that Muhammad began receiving “revelations” or the that became the verses of the Koran when he was forty.The Times of London reported that radiocarbon dating carried out by experts at the University of Oxford says the fragments were produced between the years 568 A. Muslims scholars have disputed the idea that the Birmingham Koran predates Muhammad, with Mustafa Shah of the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies telling the Times: "If anything, the manuscript has consolidated traditional accounts of the Koran's origins." The first known formal text of the Koran was not assembled until 653 A. on the orders of Uthman, the third caliph, or leader of the Muslim community after Muhammad's death. Muhammad is generally believed to have lived between 570 A. The two sheets of Islam's holy book were discovered in a library at the University of Birmingham in England, where they had been mistakenly bound in a Koran dating to the seventh century. The radiocarbon dates from the parchment indicate that the animal that provided the parchment lived during or right after the lifetime of Muhammad. "Instead, the revelations were preserved in the 'memories of men,'" said David Thomas and Nadir Dinshaw, both religious professors at the University of Birmingham.
The man known to Muslims as The Prophet is thought to have founded Islam sometime after 610 A.
Many seem to think that such news will have a large impact on the Muslim world and make Muslims rethink the veracity of their faith.
Thus Tom Holland, a British historian, asserts, “It destabilizes, to put it mildly, the idea that we can know anything with certainty about how the Koran emerged.
The text underwent radiocarbon dating, which measured the age of the find's organic materials. As the skin is stretched, the parchment maker scrapes the surface with a curved knife, wets the skin and dries it in rotation several times to bring the parchment to an ideal thickness and tightness.
Researchers at the University of Birmingham, in the United Kingdom, found that the leaves of parchment date back to A. Researchers dated the parchmentby measuring the radioactive decay of carbon-14, a common way to determine the age of ancient papers and parchments.
All it would mean is that, instead of believing that the Koran was collated in 650, portions of it were written down a few years earlier. In fact, there is very little that Western scholars and scientists can do or say about Islam that would have much influence on the Islamic mindset.