The Trapanese province encloses an extraordinary natural heritage, starting with the renowned Egadi Islands and the splendid volcanic Isle of Pantelleria, genuine oases that should not go undiscovered.
Innumerable protected areas such as the Zingaro Natural Reserve, which stretches out along the coast and reefs, inlets and marine cliffs a sheer drop to the blue sea, covered by thick Mediterranean scrub.
From 831 to 1072 the city was under Arab rule during the Emirate of Sicily when the city first became a capital.
The Arabs shifted the Greek name into Balarme (Arabic: ), the root for Palermo's present-day name.
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire, and the Emirate of Sicily.
Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina.Clockwise from top: Mondello, Teatro Massimo, Cappella Palatina, Zisa, Cathedral, Virgin Annunciate of Antonello da Messina, Quattro Canti in Maqueda Street, Churches of Martorana and San Cataldo, Interior of Santa Caterina Church, Pretoria Square and Mount Pellegrino, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.